Saturday, October 25, 2014

Review: Chateau TYA-753ANE3 and TYA-760E3 Alto Saxophones

Recently I visited the home of my old friend who has been repairing and servicing my horns for nearly 31 years now. He had a great shop in New York City, but unfortunately, landlord greed and escalating commercial rents in New York forced him to close up shop, and now he works only out of his home and by appointment only.  He also trades, buys and sells many vintage saxophones and flutes. Occasionally, he will get slightly used new horns and sell them. He recently got hold of these two alto saxophones and said I had to try them, because he said I would be in for a pleasant surprise! He already had buyers for the horn, and so he wanted me to try them out before they left his home. Naturally, he tweaked them up, and when he fixes a horn, it will always play better, even if it's a cheap Chinese made horn with no name,  

The saxophones he had me look at are a brand named Chateau, made by the Tenon corporation in Taiwan. I believe that they also make the saxophones for the Steve Goodson models. For those of you who don't know Steve Goodson, he is a preeminent repair person based in New Orleans and sells his own line of top notch saxophones that he has designed, as well a complete line of accessories and all things related to saxophone.  I was aware of this brand for a while, but never had any opportunities to try out any of their horns because my shop didn't carry them, and I didn't know any other shop that had them, so I was looking forward to trying them. I always like to be on the lookout for professional grade horns that sell at intermediate prices. There are some great ones out there, but there are also those horns that have the look of a pro horn with all the embellishments, but still sound like student grade horns and are not very well made. It's always a joy to find a well-built professional grade saxophone that is moderately priced and plays and sounds as good or better as any saxophone double the price and with a prestigious name.

The two models he had were the Chateau TYA-753ANE3 with a vintage copper finish, and the TYA-760E3 which is solid nickel, both pictured above. I will review each one separately, but I will say right off the bat that just by the looks of them, they were stunning to see. Beautiful engraving all over, giving them a very classy look. Both saxophones were solidly built, sturdy and slick keywork, which of course was tweaked by my friend, but he said that he didn't have to do much tweaking, just a few adjustments here and there. I could not find a single little defect in the way the keys and posts were soldered to the body, and the finishes were clean and even throughout the vintage copper horn, the other being solid nickel, but even there, it was a satin finish and was perfect. Both saxophones have rolled tone holes like my old Conn and on various horns from P. Mauriat and some other new manufacturers. Rolled tone holes, as far as I'm concerned, seal the pads better and also allow the pads to have a longer life, because with rounded edges, they do not cut into the leather the way straight tone holes do. Also, these are tone holes rolled from the existing metal, not soldered on tone hole rings, which if not put on correctly can be warped or uneven and cause leaks in the horn. The only way to fix that is to remove the ring and put it back on, and that can be costly. They both had double arms for the Bb, B and low C keys, to keep these keys in better adjustment. They also have a G# stabilizer to keep the left pinky cluster in better adjustment. It did not look like any shortcuts were made to produce this horn. I was impressed with the looks and feel, now to get down to the meat and potatoes, which is the sound and playability!

 This saxophone is made with 93% copper content. Every horn I have ever played with a high copper content has always sounded richer, fuller and warmer than saxophones made from other materials. This horn was no exception. This was a joy to play. I prefer a darker, lusher tone on my altos, especially because I am especially fond of playing slow blues and ballads, and whenever I try out a horn, the first thing I always do is play these kinds of tunes because it gives me an immediate impression of its tonal and tone shaping capabilities. I used my usual setup, which is a Meyer 6M mouthpiece with Rovner dark ligature and LaVoz medium reed and also a Legere Signature 2 1/2 synthetic reed. I was completely blown away by the sound. Rich and lush, the kind of horn I can sink my musical teeth into. Even with my Legere synthetic reed, it maintained a full, rich tone. The key action was slick and sure. Of course my friend's adjustments helped, but like I pointed out earlier, he said he didn't have to do much with either of these horns. The action was fast and precise, and even when playing fast passages, the scale remain balanced and even throughout. Altissimo was a snap, without sounding ear splittingly shrill!  I can say without hesitation that this horn was as good as the best horns I've ever played. Projection was great, dynamic and tonal range impressive. This is a saxophone that can play many genres, although I think it's best suited for classical and jazz, but with a different setup, will probably be capable of playing pop and rock also. I can tell you that it is a great ballad horn. With precise key action and that full lush sound, I could make this horn sing, and sing it does. It is a horn that plays every bit as good as it looks, and it really does have a great look. This is a horn I could easily make my primary horn if I owned it. It has everything I look for in a saxophone. 

This saxophone was identical to the TYA-753ANE3 in style and layout, but with a solid nickel body with gold lacquered keys and abalone pearls, which added to the beauty of this horn. It had all the attributes of the other sax, but with the solid nickel bell, body and neck, had a brighter tone, yet it was still full without the shrill edges. This is a horn that may be better suited for jazz, fusion, rock and pop, but can still handle whatever else you want to do with it. The satin finish was flawless, the key action was solid, a beautiful looking, feeling and sounding instrument. Another saxophone that has a classy stage presence.  

I believe these horns are going for around $2300 or so brand new, with used ones going for around $1600 or so. If these two saxophones are any indication, these are excellent saxophones at any price and will compete with anything out there. I was totally impressed with both saxophones. Chateau has other saxophones with other finishes as well, like a dark lacquer model similar to these horns. All of their horns, regardless of finish have a high copper content. These models are 93%, and their standard models 85% copper content. By the looks, feel and sound, they did not skimp on quality of materials and workmanship. I am now eager to get my hands on their other models and see what surprises I am in store for. I highly recommend these horns to any student or pro looking for a quality, high grade saxophone that is also priced at an intermediate level. I kid you not when I say that these saxophones were as good as anything I've ever played. 

For more information, click on the following links

Thursday, October 23, 2014

It's Been A Long Time, But I'm Back

Dear Friends and Followers,

I've been away for some time because a lot of things in my personal life just overwhelmed me for a while and I had to get things straightened out.  I'm sure a lot of you know how it is.  Sometimes life takes over and you have to do things other than what you love to do. I'm no longer working in music retail because the money just wasn't there, and it seemed that each year sales on band and orchestral instruments seemed to be go steadily down until I had to consider what is going to pay my rent and put food on the table. However, I still spent a lot of time this past year trying out many new horns as well as a few vintage horns.  Also, despite the fact that at least for now, I see a downturn on saxophone sales, I am still encouraged to see many new models of saxophones with a variety of finishes coming from the established and newer manufacturers, as well as a greater number of quality student level horns for players on a budget. It's also good to see that many manufacturers have professional level horns at intermediate prices, making it possible for the working and amateur musician to have a high quality instrument that won't break the bank. Okay, so they're not Mark VI's or other high level horns from Selmer, Keilwerth, Yamaha or Yanigasawa, but they're still good instruments and play just as well when properly set up and with the right mouthpiece reed combination that fits the player.

The technology today makes it possible to offer quality instruments at budget prices.  However, I still maintain that you should only buy instruments from reputable companies or dealers. EBay saxophones for $250 are not worth the money, even at that price.  If you buy from EBay, buyer beware, and also make sure it's a name you know, otherwise get what you pay for, which is an inferior instrument that can sometimes feel like it's coming apart in your hands.  Make sure that they have a return policy and also that they back up their instruments from any defects in materials or workmanship. Even the best saxophones occasionally have a lemon in the bunch, but most no-name brands are all lemons.  I don't care if the horn is made in China, as long as a known company backs it up and maintains quality control.  Yamaha makes their student and intermediate lines in China, but since they maintain strict quality control, the instrument is still just as good as always. Saxophones made in Taiwan have really come up in quality, and I will venture to say that many of them are as good as anything made anywhere else. I will later review a few of these, as I was impressed with what I tried from Taiwan lately from manufacturers that haven't quite established themselves here yet, but have already made saxophones for reputable makers. I recently tried two altos from a brand called Chateau, which is made by Tenon in Taiwan.  I believe they also make Steve Goodson's saxophones, The Super 400 and The Voodoo Rex, but unless I can make it down to New Orleans and get my hands on them to test them out, I can't review them. However, my next post will be a review of the two Chateau Altos, the TYA-753ANE3 with a vintage copper finish, and the TYA-760E3 made from solid nickel. Both horns impressed me a lot!

Sad to say that the Powell Silver Eagle had to be discontinued. The market just wasn't there, and product development became too costly, as was the horn itself. However, for the few that have been made and in the hands of players, it will no doubt become worth more than it was before as it would be a rare horn indeed.  It's a shame really that the market wouldn't support a high quality instrument made in the US, but that is the reality. This is why we still have to rely on Asian manufacturers in order to get new quality instruments that we can still afford. Maybe one day again, we can build a great saxophone here and bring back the spirit of companies like Conn, Buescher, King and Martin, which at one time built some of the finest saxophones ever made. Oh well!

I want to thank all of my friends and followers for their support and kind comments. This is the main reason I keep up this blog. I love the saxophone, and I like to also help people make the right choices when they are in the market for a horn so they get the best for what they can afford.  Thanks again everyone, and now that I'm back in action, I hope you'll continue to enjoy my reviews and articles!

Thursday, March 28, 2013

The Powell Silver Eagle Saxophone

For me this is rather exciting news and perhaps for anyone who is a fan of the classic American saxophones.  For the first time in over 20 years, a new premium grade professional saxophone is being made in the USA.  This new saxophone is designed by Mike Smith, who by the way had a hand in the design of the Buffet 400 line, with parts manufactured by Powell, the eminent flute maker, and the the body, bell and neck manufactured and the assembly to be done at the E.K. Blessing factory in Elkhart, Indiana, the center of brass and woodwind manufacturing in the US, and the original home of the great companies like Conn, Buescher and Martin. 

The Silver Eagle resembles the classic King Super 20 Silversonic in appearance.  Like the King and also The Martin, the tone holes, rather than being drawn from the existing metal of the body as most saxophones, are soldered onto the body and bell from holes cut into it.  Both King and Martin did this.  This adds weight to the body and increases its resonance, and it is also what Powell does with their flutes.  However, The Martin used soft solder, and the drawback is that over time, moisture can cause what is called galvanic corrosion, which eats away at the soft solder and forms cracks where the tone hole meets the body, which cannot be detected with the eye and often even with a leak light.  Quite often, all the keys of The Martin must be removed and the body put in a bath in order to see where the air bubbles are escaping in order to detect the leak, a costly and lengthy procedure.  When this happens, the tone hole must be removed, the tone hole cleaned before it can be re-soldered onto the body.  The Powell Silver Eagle, like the King Super 20 and Powell flutes, braze the tone hole onto the body, or in other words, hard or silver soldered, which prevents galvanic corrosion from occurring.

Like the classic King Super 20, the neck utilizes an underslung octave key, which means that when the neck is put on and removed, there is no contact,or should be no contact with the octave key, preventing any damage or misalignment.  Yanigasawa also employs this type of octave key.

The Powell Silver Eagle, like the King Super 20 Silversonic, has a Sterling Silver bell and neck.  The inner bell is a gold wash, like many of the classic American horns of the 20's-50's.  There is also an all gold lacquer model that is available.
It comes with a high quality hard case, and high quality accessories such as key retainers, Rico reed case, a box of Rico Jazz Select reeds, Rico neck strap, Rico cork grease, and a Meyer 6M mouthpiece, which has been the mouthpiece I've been using for nearly 30 years.
There is more I could say, but you can get more detailed information from the links below.  What I will say is that it's about time that a first class saxophone is once again being made in the USA.  I am itching to play one of these, and I can't wait to.  If I get the chance, I will do a complete review.

Tuesday, March 19, 2013

The State Of Jazz As I See It

I've been away awhile, as my life goes through more changes and I have to make the necessary adjustments.  I won't go into details, because this blog is not a forum for my personal problems.  This blog is about my love of music and specifically my love for the saxophone.  I do not make any money from this blog, and for some odd reason I cannot figure out, Google doesn't allow me to accept advertising for it, saying I violated something but not explaining what.  Anyway, this blog is my little labor of love, but sometimes it is necessary to attend to life business and prioritize things accordingly.  However, having taken care of certain aspects of my life at this moment, I now have a little time to devote to this and hopefully will be in a position where I can spend more time writing articles, play testing and reviewing more saxophones. 

I listen to most styles of music, and have recordings of these styles in various increments in my collection.  Jazz, Blues, R&B (mostly from the 50's and 60's), Rock, Folk, Country and Bluegrass, Reggae, Latin, International, Classical, and a few oddities that would be difficult or impossible to categorize.  However, I have more jazz recordings in my collection than any other style of music.  From the 1920's to the present, I have most major jazz styles represented in my collection.  I say most, because there are some styles of jazz I have had difficulty listening to.  To put it simply, if it doesn't move me, doesn't speak to me, I have no interest.  Like any kind of music, it all comes down to a matter of personal taste, and this article is not about disparaging anyone's taste in music, but more about what I see and feel about the current state of jazz.  Realize that these are just my opinions and if you feel differently, that's okay.  This is the kind of article that would invite comments from others, and I encourage anyone to do so and allow my readers and I the benefit of your outlook.  However, as stated in my very first article, any flaming or name-calling of myself or any other reader commenting will not be tolerated and will be deleted, so don't waste your time.

I have many friends who are musicians of various styles,and many are jazz players while some play jazz but wouldn't call themselves jazz musicians per se.  Most of my friends certainly play for the love of the music, but also realize that love alone doesn't pay the bills, so they play all kinds of gigs, weddings, bar-mitzvahs, other various social functions, commercials, studio work, playing with bands that do not play the style of music they are best at and even playing in the park and on the street or whatever else it takes to earn the extra dollar.  They may not be getting rich, but they are able to keep working by doing what they love.  These players really have to hustle and go out there to get a gig.  They really are to me the epitome of  the independent spirit, because unlike those who have a 9 to 5 job that most hate going to, these cats usually thrive and excel at living in the moment.  They continue to do this as the number of paying gigs, at least in New York City, are dwindling.  They have grit and determination and keep plugging away despite the odds against them. 

Those who consider themselves purely jazz artists are a unique breed.  They play for the sheer love and joy of playing so they say, and never would stoop to either commercialism or showmanship to make a buck. They sometimes do play on the street or in the park, but they never take a gig that goes against their "principles".  At the same time, they are in my experience, the loudest critics and decriers of more popular styles of music and of musicians that play music to make money.  Yet they complain constantly about not getting gigs, or if they do have gigs, the house is nearly or completely empty except for the staff.  This of course never has anything to do with the music that they play, but with the public just not being on the same wavelength with them.  The public just doesn't understand, just doesn't get it is one of their laments.  Whenever a jazz artist has some commercial success, which is very rare, they will be the first to cry that they "sold out".  It is selling out only if the music one plays is related to a political or social movement or agenda, in which case, keep playing it, make your statement and promote your agenda, and leave the rest of us to make music we love and enjoy, that the public does get, and have our share of the filthy lucre. 

Many jazz players will constantly disparage players like Kenny G.  Well, to be honest, I'm not a big fan of Kenny G myself and I do not have any of his recordings, but on the other hand, I know he really can play and people like him and buy his recordings.  Also, like it or not, it has been popular artists like Kenny G, David Sanborn, Chuck Mangione,etc., that have inspired many young players to pick up a wind or brass instrument, and play other music than what they were normally listening to.  In the process, they learned about the scope and range of music, opening their minds and expanding their musical horizons and learning about the great players who originated the art form of jazz.  I heard jazz players disparage "fusion", calling it the worst of rock and jazz put together.  In some cases this may be so, but in most cases it brings a lot of instrumental music back to its melodic and rhythmic roots, and people like it and buy it.  Maybe they just don't get it, or they actually do. I remember in the 90's when the Neo-Swing bands like the Brian Setzer Orchestra, Squirrel Nut Zippers, Cherry Poppin' Daddies, Big Bad Voodoo Daddy, etc., were popular.  Once again I heard the jazz purists bellow "that's not real jazz", "those guys aren't jazz players", something none of these players ever claimed to be by the way, but jazzers were saying this as if it was a terrible and sacrilegious thing. I had to remind some players that swing was the jazz of its time, and that time does not diminish that.  Again, I remember that the popularity of these bands led more young people into not just this music, but jazz and beyond.  What can be wrong with that?  Well, to the jazz purists, it was because they were entertaining people and making money.  They seem to hate that even when they complain they're not making money.  You know, we just don't get it.

A common thing I hear from many musicians and laypeople today is that there are no more innovators in jazz, that most players today are merely playing regurgitated Coltrane, Miles, Ornette, etc.  There are way too many players who think jazz began with Charlie Parker and Dizzy Gillespie and ended with the aforementioned players, at least in terms of what they are playing.  In jazz, just like any other style of music, there is an evolution of sound and style, but just like all music, there is a limit to how far it can go.  The solution to that problem, for many jazz players, just as it was for neo-classical players was to reharmonize existing tunes, and new music would go so far "outside", that to many ears, mine included, that it was cacophonous, dissonant.  The rhythm was buried in the flurry of noise, and if there ever was a melodic base, it was blown to pieces beyond recognition.  Jazz musicians began intellectualizing the music to the point of losing the audience.  Much of it too was tied to many political/social movements and so if there was an audience to be had, it wouldn't be the kind that paid or came to be entertained.  While this isn't political commentary, to me, all the music I ever heard that was ever tied to political or social movements always tended to be heavy-handed, boring and dreary sounding, and to pardon my language, the biggest crock of bullshit and pretension I ever heard.  Some of these types of players would play in wild, loud flurries of sound, but if they tried, they could not play a simple melody with an even tone and pitch.  Jazz has had a few of these charlatans. 

Then there is jazz education.  To me it has always been a double-edged sword.  On one side, it helps the student hone and sharpen their musical skills and knowledge and on the other, it has turned out mostly cookie cutter players, all playing those Coltrane and Parker licks, all sounding the same, which in turn has confined the music.  Like classical players, there is a certain way to play something, a certain way to sound.  I hear one player to the next, all from the best university programs in the country, and I can't tell one player from another.  They know every chord and scale pattern inside and out, up and down, all around, and when they play that knowledge becomes obvious.  What I often do not hear is a discernible melody, a sound that tells me who the player is.  I don't get that from any of the modern jazz players today.  I hear one, I hear them all.  On the other hand, when I hear a modern horn player that does not play strictly jazz, I can hear who it is.  Yep, maybe I'm not a big fan of Kenny G, but I know it's him when I hear his recordings.  David Sanborn too.  Unfortunately the list of modern players whose sound is recognizable is getting smaller and smaller.  Up until the sixties I would say, you could tell by the first few notes who the player was.  Johnny Hodges, Benny Carter, Ben Webster, Coleman Hawkins, Paul Desmond, Dexter Gordon, Sonny Rollins, etc.  Even players that derived their styles from Charlie Parker like Cannonball Adderley had their own sound that was recognizable. 

This brings me to another point.  What made jazz what it is, or rather what it used to be, was its individuality.  Each player had their voice, their way of doing things that made the player stand out from the others.  Even the way they would play a melody, its chord sequence, scale patterns, and including their technical approach was unique to them.  I  have heard modern players ripping out scales and chords with amazing speed and dexterity, displaying great technique, but I haven't heard one of them that had the kind of technique or subtlety of touch that I've heard Johnny Hodges, for example, playing "Prelude To A Kiss", or Frankie Trumbauer with Bix Beiderbecke playing "Trumbology" or "Singing The Blues".  Listen to them and hear what I mean.  Just click on the links below to hear these tunes.

Another complaint from modern jazz players that I hear quite often is that they get tired of playing the same old standards over and over again.  I'll say first that the standards that have been played have all stood the test of time, and in the hands of a sensitive player, they'll never get old.  Having said that,what is stopping any player from taking more recent popular tunes and turning those into standards?  Miles played Cyndi Lauper and Michael Jackson tunes.  Many players have played the Beatles "Michelle" and "Yesterday" to death, but there are a number of other Beatles songs that would be as good or better. Some examples would be "Here, There and Everywhere", "Norwegian Wood" ( Buddy Rich did this tune on his recording "Big Swing Face"), "Good Day Sunshine", "For No One", "Fool On The Hill", "Lady Madonna", "Something",etc.  I'm sure you've heard at least a jazz version or two from one of these tunes, and maybe you can think of others.  I have also started making sax and band arrangements based on Jimi Hendrix tunes. He has a treasure trove of material for the horn player that wants to find more modern and interesting tunes and Gil Evans did some big band arrangements based on his tunes, as well as nice renditions by Tuck and Patti.  There were many jazz elements in Hendrix' songs.  The songs I've chosen are "Third Stone From The Sun", "Up From The Skies", "One Rainy Wish", "Purple Haze", and "The Wind Cries Mary".  There are more, but with a little imagination and a wide open mind, you can find some modern tunes to jazz up.

This now brings me to the final points of this article.  This will mostly be my opinion, but I'm sticking to it, because this is the way I feel jazz can survive as a viable musical and commercial force.  Yes, I said commercial, because all the love in the world won't mean anything if people aren't buying your product and coming out and paying money to hear you or purchase your recordings.  Maybe the first thing is to stop calling it jazz.  Everyone has their own idea of what that means.  There are those who want to dispense of the name jazz completely.  Some are part of a new movement called BAM.  I won't address what this is here, you can look it up.  Suffice to say that if some players want to create this new definition, by all means it's their right.  I do not agree with their motive, and have had serious disagreements with a couple of adherents as to why.  It's just using music to promote a political/social agenda, as well as instill some guilt in some of us.  Anyway, I really believe that the player's main role is to convey their love of music by showing that love to the audience.  Ever watch a performer smile when they're playing?  You can bet the audience is smiling too.  Players should relate to their audience.  Listen to any live recording of Cannonball Adderley, and listen to how he always spoke to, not down, to the audience, and how he related to them.  This was one of of the reasons for his popularity, aside from his brilliant playing.  He always played in an uplifting manner.  People loved seeing him play, and you could always hear that joy in his recordings.  Dizzy Gillespie always entertained the crowd, no matter what he was playing.  He was never afraid to clown on stage, tell jokes, act funny.  Of course Louis Armstrong always entertained, was a first-class showman while still maintaining his place in jazz history as an innovator. The audience needs to be entertained, that's what they pay for. 

Finally, for the players out there.  I know this isn't easy to do, but I challenge you all to try.  Rather than playing the same old Parker, Coltrane etc., licks and patterns, try finding your own voice.  Search out a few tunes, ballads and blues, and play them listening to how you sound.  Do you like it?  If not,what sound are you looking for?  I know tone is a subjective thing, but if you pay attention, you may at that moment hear it, and then you'll find that your technique and approach will change a little, and just enough to start singing in your own voice.  Put away the exercise books and just concentrate on a sound and a song.  It will work if you let it.

Sunday, September 9, 2012

Review: Buffet 400 Alto Saxophone Matte Finish

Two years ago (July 10, 2010) I wrote my original review of the Buffet 400 alto saxophone.  You also know how much I really liked the horn and gave it a rave review.  At the time, I spent the better part of two weeks playing both the matte finish and the gold lacquer horns, and was quite impressed with them, though I favored the matte finish, not just for its aesthetics, but I like a darker sound to my alto that I can also push and give a little more "edge" if I wanted to, without getting a thin or shrill tone.  Of course, tone quality is subjective, and is the result of the player and their set-up, mouthpiece, reed, ligature, and a matter of individual taste, both from the point of view of the player and the listener.

You may wonder why I'm writing another review if I already wrote one and gave it a thumbs up.  Well, lately I've had the chance to spend a lot more time with a matte finish alto than I did the last time, and so it has given me a chance to really explore this horn and see what it is really capable of, and also whether after two years, I would still feel the same.  I haven't been able to play any more Buffet 400's since my last review because I moved from one store location to another, and the new location dealt more with students than professionals, and so we had mostly lower end horns.  After I became department manager, I was able to get an inventory of better quality horns.  Among them were the Buffet 400 alto and tenor matte finish saxophones.  When I took out both horns to put on display, I went through the basic testing of keys and how they sound.  They were good out of the case, and they looked great on the wall, adding a bit of class to my display.  However, I just couldn't seem to keep my hands off the alto.  Every moment I had down time, I took advantage of it to play.  So I felt that a new review based on the extended time I've had to play has been able to broaden my perspective of this horn.  

It still comes inside that excellent blue case with the Buffet-Crampon logo embroidered in gold stitching, and with extra large pockets that can easily hold books and accessories.

Once again, and I think this is particularly true of the matte finish horn, when you open the case and see it the first time, it is a striking looking saxophone.  Beautiful but understated engraving can be found all over the sax, bell, bow, key cups, body and neck, giving it a very classy appearance. The matte finish is applied evenly and beautifully all over the horn, with dark spots near key cups and touches to give it more of that vintage, worn look.  The finish itself was evenly applied, and I didn't find any uneven spots.  There is something to be said for this, especially when I saw a couple of Selmer Reference 54's that had uneven lacquer blobs near the key posts, and a Reference 54 matte finish alto fresh out of the case that looked as if there were brush scratches on the bell, and these horns go for three times what the Buffet 400 goes for.  Inspecting the keys, they are solidly soldered on, and are weighty and strong, definitely not flimsy, and I didn't find any solder blobs or see any ribs, posts or keys that weren't correctly positioned,  as I have found on a couple of P. Mauriats and Cannonballs.

One of the things that I have found with the Buffet 400, at least thus far, is that it plays well right out of the box.  Of course I always recommend a professional set-up by an experienced technician, but the fact that every Buffet 400 I have played right out of the box responded immediately is significant.  With the exception of perhaps Yamaha, every other more expensive brand needed some form of adjustment or leak sealed before it would play properly.  Again, I find this rather significant for a saxophone that goes for far less than these others. The keys just snap into place, and the bell keys have double arms for a tighter seal, which none of the big 4 have.  The key pearls are not real pearls, but so what?  They still look nice, and they are concaved differently than other keys.  Deeper but not as wide, which somehow makes my fingers feel as if they are going to stay there and not slip, which also means my fingers will move less and respond faster.  I'm not sure if the key pearls were designed with this in mind, but it works that way for me, and I'm sure others who play this horn may feel the same.  The ergonomics are what you would expect of a modern horn.  I have read a couple of reviews that stated that they thought the G#, C#, B, Bb cluster was a little further than they liked, but I had no problem.  I liked the distance between keys.  For large hands like mine, they were in a good position.  I had no problem reaching any of the keys.

The thing you'll notice when you pick up any one of these saxes is the weight.  If you're a baritone player, you better get a harness. These are heavy horns, definitely heavier than than any horn in its class, with maybe P. Mauriat coming closest in that department.  However I give the edge to the Buffet on the solid feel of its key posts over the Mauriat, which in my experience, bend easier when you squeeze them.  At its price point this is again significant.  This is a solidly built horn that feels like it will stand up to countless gigs and nights on the road, and be ready to play when you are. That's a lot more than I can say for some horns that cost more.  The body to bell brace is definitely the heaviest I've seen on any saxophone at any price.  It is not just a ring like other brands, including the big 4 saxes, but is thick and solid, with heavy posts and screws at three points to connect the brace to the body and bell, and the Buffet-Crampon logo is raised and gives it an attractive appearance.
With the weight of this sax and its overall solid feel, it can probably take a little punishment better than your average saxophone, though I don't recommend trying it to see if it's so.  However, as stated above, it feels like it will serve its owner for a long, long time.  So on build quality, finish and key work, I would rate the Buffet 400 up there with the best of them. 

Now comes the meat and potatoes of the saxophone, for me anyway, and that is the sound.  The very first time I played the Buffet 400 two years ago, the biggest surprise I had was in the sound.  I did expect a rather generic saxophone sound at best, and at worst, a sound that would be found on a student level horn, from okay to terrible.  Keep in mind that knowing these horns were made in China still colored the way I approached it.  The first hurdle in dissipating and eliminating my prejudice about a sax built in China was the build quality, key response and finish quality.  It passed the first test.  Now actually playing it.  It passed that test too, but now I would have more time with it than before and I relished it.

What can I say that I haven't already said in my last review?  Actually, plenty.  I have played quite a number of Selmer, P. Mauriat, Yamaha, Yanigasawa and Keilwerth saxophones and liked them all.  In fact, when I tried the new editions of Selmer Reference 54 saxophones last November, I was really enamored with them, and loved them, thought they were the best ever.  I didn't have six grand though, so I had to forget about it anyway.  Then the Buffet 400 matte finish alto came into my shop and once again I could re-evaluate it against all the other horns I played since the last time I played one, and so the reason for this new review.  I could see if the horn still held up to the others, like I thought the last time. 

Perhaps I shouldn't have been surprised after my last review about the sound of this saxophone, but I still was.  I used my usual set-up of a Meyer 6M mouthpiece with a LaVoz medium reed and also used a LeGere Signature Series 2 1/2 synthetic reed as well for contrast, and the Rovner Dark ligature.  With my LaVoz reed in place first, the very first notes that came out were powerful, yet not booming loud, like some Mauriats, and gave me more control, or so I thought, of the dynamics of the horn.  Its sound is lush and full, with just enough resistance to control the tone, good for classical, yet free blowing enough to swoop and swirl the notes for jazz playing.  A very versatile saxophone from the get-go.  The matte finish horn is initially dark, which I like, but if I push it, it can play brighter, yet not have what I call that buzzy edge, or ever get thin or shrill at the top which makes my ears ring, even when playing altissimo.  Of course, as I mentioned at the beginning, tone is subjective, but to my ears and taste, this horn provided me with exactly all the qualities I look for in a saxophone. I especially love playing ballads, because besides the beautiful melodies, playing them means you have to have control of your tone and technique.  You can't make mistakes, and if the horn has bad intonation (or the player is bad), then the sour notes will stand out like a giant pimple on the tip of the nose.  The scale of the Buffet 400 is at least as good as any horn that costs more, and better than some.  The sound of the horn along with its intonation made playing ballads such an intense pleasure.  This horn has a voice and it can sing!  As good a sound as you can get from a saxophone at any price.  

I switched to the LeGere reed, and the tone was just a tad brighter, but it was still rich and full.  From the bottom of the scale to the top, it had great intonation and tone, with what are to me the usual culprits, transitioning from middle C up to middle D for example, and I found that low D, which is generally sharp  played better than any saxophone I've played, and while that's not a big deal in general, the price point of this saxophone makes it a big deal to me.  However, the overall tone and the flexibility of its tone is as good or better than most horns at a higher price.  Actually, it is at least equal to all of the most expensive horns I've played.  That's saying quite a lot for a saxophone that comes in at around $1850.00.  Its closest competitor price wise is at least $300.00 more, and then the big boys are a thousand plus bucks more, but you still won't get more horn, just the prestigious name.  Wait!  Buffet-Crampon is a prestigious name.  So what's holding you back from at least trying these horns?  You may be as pleasantly surprised as I was and continue to be.

Monday, August 6, 2012

Review: P. Mauriat Saxophones

I was in the hospital recently and underwent two surgical procedures.  I won't go into detail, as this really wouldn't be the place for it, but I have some time off for recovery as I mend and this now gives me a little time to get back to this blog and post this review which I began before going into the hospital.  

Over the last few years, I've had the opportunity to play and get familiar with P. Mauriat saxophones.  The first time I heard of them, I was living in Tokyo and went down to the music store district called Ochanomizu.  It is to Tokyo what W. 48th Street used to be in New York City before the Rockefellers took over the block.  Now there's only Sam Ash and a couple of smaller music stores, and from what I understand, the Rockefellers are going to raze the rest of the block and all the stores have to move.  The end of an era.  Anyway, I looked at all the stores that sold saxophones and found a small one located in a basement store that had some P. Mauriat saxophones.  They had four P. Mauriat saxophones, two altos and two tenors, all with the matte finish.  One alto and tenor were the 67R and 66R respectively, and the other two were the System 76's.  I was intrigued by the look.  Selmer already had matte finished saxophones in their Reference series, but this matte finish was darker, made to look like an old, well played horn.  Some people don't like it, but I do.  However, I didn't have my mouthpiece with me so I didn't try them.  

The thing that most interested me in the 67R and the 66R were the fact that they had rolled tone holes, rolled from the existing metal like my old Conn, and unlike the Keilwerth saxophones, where tone hole rings are soldered to the tone hole.  Keilwerth's philosophy is that should the tone hole get damaged, it's easier to remove the ring and fix and level the tone hole.  However, I have heard from some Keilwerth owners that the ring can warp and be uneven, or someone at the factory didn't place the ring perfectly flat, and then of course you will have a leak in the horn.  For those who don't know what a rolled tone hole is, it simply is that the lip of the tone hole is rolled so that the edges of the tone hole are rounded.  In my opinion, if the tone hole is properly rolled and leveled, the seal is better and the pads last longer.  I know from my old Conn that I had fewer pad jobs than friends who played saxes with flat tone holes.  I also feel, and again, it's just my opinion that the rolled tone holes of my Conn did something for its projection.  Smaller in body size and bell diameter than modern horns, the Conn still had a powerful tone.  Stephen Howard, on his sax review UK website also felt that the rolled tone holes made a difference between Conns produced up to 1947, when the rolled tone holes were discontinued, and the ones produced after that.  For his review of the Conn 6M alto and 10M tenor go to 

The first week after returning to New York City from Japan, I stopped into a local music store where I would end up eventually working, and tried the 67R alto with the matte finish.  This time I had my mouthpiece with me.  I took it into the tryout room and commenced.  The first tune I decided to play was "I Should Care", then "The Nearness Of You", and some random blues.  Unlike a lot of players when they try out saxophones, I prefer to start with ballads and slow blues, where the sound, the tone is very important.  The meat of the horn so to speak.  I will know more about the horn from digging into its tonal capabilities than by ripping out fast scales, which just about every player who tries out saxes in my store seems to do. Playing fast certainly gives you an idea how well balanced and solid the keys are or not, but not about the sound.  To me, sound is always the first consideration.

Like all modern saxophones these days, the P. Mauriat is patterned on the Selmer platform.  However, that's where any similarity ends. More on that later.  My initial impression was good, but I felt I needed more time with it to get used to the keys and the feel and sound.  I would have to return and try it some more.  However, as things turned out, I got a job with the music store and would have lots of time and opportunity to try out several models in the P. Mauriat line.  By having access to the other major brands like Selmer, Keilwerth, Yanigasawa and Yamaha, I could make side by side comparisons.  I also was able to make side by side comparisons to vintage horns that we had in stock, like the Selmer Balanced Action, Super Balanced Action and Mark VI, Conn New Wonder a.k.a. Chu Berry, 6M and 10M, Martin Handcraft and Committee models, Buescher TruTone, Aristocrat and 400 and King Zephyr and Super 20. This was going to be fun.

The bell says P. Mauriat, named after the French orchestra leader Paul Mauriat who never actually played the saxophone and had a hit in the sixties with his version of "Love Is Blue".  Under the name, it says Paris, and some models add New York, London and Tokyo.  This is misleading because the saxophones are actually produced in Taiwan.  However, I feel this was a smart move on the part of Alex Hsieh, the founder and president of the company.  Until P. Mauriat saxophones entered the market, saxophones made in Taiwan were considered at best only fair, and at worst as bad as instruments made in China.  However, having lived in Taiwan at the beginning of the new millenium, I saw that at some point, the quality and the perception of saxophones and other instruments made in Taiwan would eventually change.  After all, at one time anything made in Japan was considered junk, but now Yamaha and Yanigasawa make some of the best saxophones in the world.  Taiwan has modern factories, and I know from having lived there that the people are very hard working and conscientious.  Anyway, having Paris, New York, London and Tokyo on the bell initially gave players the perception that it was an international company, and the quality would be better.

The concept for P. Mauriat started when Alex Hsieh came to the US to study saxophone with Roger Greenberg,  a member of the Harvey Pittel Saxophone Quartet and professor of saxophone at the University of Colorado.  Alex loves the saxophone, and was already building them in Taiwan before coming to study with Roger.  At one point, and I got this from Roger Greenberg himself, he mentioned to Alex that he wished someone would produce a saxophone with modern ergonomics, but with metals and a sound that harkened back to not just a Selmer Mark VI or Balanced Action, but also with attributes of the classic old American horns like Conn, Buescher, King and Martin.  This would result in the P. Mauriat brand.  Unlike many factories in Taiwan and China that build saxophones for anyone and then stamp them with whatever company or brand name that will distribute them, Alex's company, Albest Musical Instruments would now dedicate themselves to making a single brand.  Doing so would give the horn an identity, which is necessary if you're going to break into the marketplace.  Roger Greenberg set up Monteverde Music to distribute the brand in the US.  Roger eventually retired a few years ago, and now the brand is distributed in the US by St. Louis Music.  The Big 4, Selmer, Keilwerth, Yamaha and Yanigasawa up to this point had a corner on the professional and intermediate market.  Keilwerth almost went bankrupt until bought by The Buffet Group, which has breathed some new life into the brand.

P. Mauriat has managed, in the relatively very short time they have been on the market, to become a serious player, no pun intended, in the saxophone world.  They did this by first making a quality horn with a great sound.  Sure, the early models had some kinks, like uneven keywork, but the saxes have gone through consistent improvement over the years, and now P. Mauriat has taken its place as one of the best saxophones in the world.  Some of the best players in the world today are playing these fine horns.  My friends Keyan Williams and James Carter, and also Greg Osby and Hamiett Bluiett among others, and the list keeps growing.  Alex Hsieh also carefully listens to feedback from the pros, and makes improvements or introduces new models based on these suggestions.
My friend Keyan Williams with his P. Mauriat 60NS Tenor Saxophone

One time I mentioned to Alex that I wished that they made a sax like my old Conn with a brushed silver bell and body and a gold bell.  He responded that he could build a sax with any finish.  Not even a year later he came out with the PM87.  I don't think it had anything to do with my suggestion as I'm not a player of note, at least not yet, but it's nice to know that he's willing to be different than the other manufacturers.
PM87 Alto

Since returning from Japan five years ago and working in the music store, I've had ample opportunity to play several models in the P. Mauriat line.  My reviews here will concern only the models I've played extensively.  Some models I tried on a limited basis and will include them here with my impressions. I wish I could try them all, and will whenever I return to Taiwan and visit the P. Mauriat factory and showroom in Taipei.  These will do for now, but it should give you a good idea into the brand and why you should consider it seriously whether you are a working musician or a college student in school band or orchestra.  

The very first P. Mauriat saxophone I played was the PM67R alto with the vintage matte lacquer and rolled tone holes.  It is still the one that I play as often as possible.  I like its looks and its sound.
PM67R Alto Vintage Matte Lacquer
PM66R Tenor Vintage Matte Lacquer

I like the sound of my alto to be initially a little dark, but that I could also push to a brighter tone without getting shrill or edgy, and this horn can do it.  This can be used for classical playing and jazz in equal measure.  This saxophone also has a wide tonal palette.  It is a beefy horn when you want it to be, can harumph and growl, but then sings sweetly when you want to.  I find this horn especially good for ballads and blues, because of its vocal quality and because of the balanced scale.  It plays as well in tune as any horn could.  Altissimo is easy on this horn and all the P. Mauriats I've tried.  This, along with the 66R tenor are the best selling models in the P. Mauriat line, and with good reason.  Whatever you can do with a saxophone, you can do with this one.  This horn has great tone shaping capabilities, much like the Conn 6M or Selmer Mark VI.  Maybe it was the rolled tone holes, or maybe it was just in my head, but I felt I was playing a well-seasoned old Conn as far as the sound went.  The PM66R Tenor is really one of the best tenor saxophones out there in my mind.  This tenor has a really beefy tone, but without getting tubby, but like the alto version, you can really push this baby and create a wide tonal palette.  Altissimo is easy, the scale is well-balanced.  If it's a vintage sound you're looking for, this horn has it.  You can invoke any number of the great tenors of the past like Ben Webster, Coleman Hawkins, Lester Young, Dexter Gordon. 

One thing you'll notice when you pick up one of these horns is the weight.  These are heavy, solid instruments.  Nothing shoddy here.  If you play the tenor or baritone, I strongly suggest you employ a harness over a regular neck strap to avoid neck strain from the weight of these horns.  I did have a few complaints about some of the earlier models as far as keywork was concerned.  Some of the keys were uneven, and I would see an occasional tiny solder blob where the post was attached to the body.  I'm glad to say I haven't seen this on subsequent editions. The ergonomics are what you expect to find on a modern horn.  Keys fit under the fingers, though with the G# to Bb cluster I felt I had to stretch my pinky a little more to get to Bb, and I do not have small hands.  However, after working with it for a time I got used to it and it was no longer an issue.

A couple of anecdotes about these horns before I move on.  In one instance, this family came in from Israel to buy their son a professional saxophone as he had gotten quite good, and the cost of the same saxophone in Israel is more than double what it costs in the US.  He had his eyes on either a Selmer or Yamaha, including a Mark VI if we had one, and we had a couple.  The cost was no longer an issue because whatever it was, it would be far less than they could get it there, if they could even find it.  He tried every Selmer alto we had, Series II and III, a Reference 54 and the two Mark VI's we had, as well as every Yamaha except the YAS23 and YAS475, and a Yanigasawa 992.  He wasn't so happy with any of them.  Up to now he never heard of P. Mauriat, so I suggested he try the 67R matte finish horn.  He was intrigued by the finish, and thought why not?  I gave him the horn, and as soon as he blew the first notes into it, a smile broke out on his face and his eyes widened, and even his family reacted with an "aah".  He was surprised, as is just about any player unfamiliar with the brand was when they tried it for the first time.  It was selling for $600 less than the closest competitor, and over a thousand less than a comparable Selmer.  Sold!

Next was a player who came into the store one day carrying his Mark VI tenor.  He had the horn recently overhauled, and in his mind up to this point, there was nothing better than his old Mark VI.  However, he worked in a big band, and the second tenor was playing a P. Mauriat 66R matte finish tenor, and had told this player that he loved the horn and he should just try it.  So, this player told me all he wanted to do was try the horn, not in the market to buy, just to see what his bandmate was talking about.  I gave him the horn, and he disappeared into the tryout room.  He was gone a good 90 minutes.  He comes out with an almost sheepish look to his face, and asked me if I would be willing to make a trade on a Mark VI so he could have this tenor.  He told me he was shocked at how powerful and clean the tone was, how the notes just popped out of the horn effortlessly, how he could get a "range" that he said he couldn't get on his Mark VI, which was what really shocked him.  He was taking so long because he kept playing each horn side by side, until he was firmly convinced that this saxophone was better than his beloved old Mark VI.  He couldn't believe it but accepted the fact, and we made an even trade.  He has since reported that he has been extremely happy with the horn over the long haul, playing at all the gigs he plays.  He was a convert.

PM67RUL Alto Unlacquered
PM66Rul Tenor Unlacquered

The 67RUL Alto and 66RUL Tenor saxophones are the same as the 67R and 66R, but with no lacquer at all, just bare brass.  This means that over time, the brass will oxidize and turn yellow, brown and green.  This is not rust, as brass doesn't rust, and in no way effects the sound quality.  The role of lacquer is to keep the brass looking shiny and from oxidizing.  However, as you can see on many old lacquered saxophones, once you get a chip in the lacquer, or on saxophones where the engraving is done after the lacquer is applied, moisture gets into the open spaces and eventually more and more of the lacquer flakes off.  This doesn't make the horn look good, but it in no way effects the sound, so many players opt not to relacquer the horn, which I also recommend not to do.  Relacquering will reduce the value of your instrument if you put it on the market as well.  So one of the newer trends in modern saxophone production along with matte lacquer to give the horn an old look, is to have no lacquer at all, just bare brass.  Many players swear that this opens up the sound, whatever that's supposed to mean, because there is no lacquer to hinder the resonance of the horn.  Actually, the lacquer is really too thin to actually "hinder" the resonance", but then who am I to argue? 

At any rate, I do find the 67RUL and the 66RUL to be free blowing horns with a slightly brighter tone than the matte lacquer finish, but it's basically the same.  You still have a wide tonal palette, good scale and ergonomics and almost effortless altissimo.  Characteristics any good horn should have, and this horn has them.  Another anecdote similar to the ones above was the time a gentleman residing in Arlington VA, near DC came into the shop.  He was a director for the Marine Band for over 30 years and was now retired.  He now led a small jazz combo doing weekend gigs in a local venue, and was looking for a new Selmer tenor.  He already had a Mark VI (doesn't everyone?) but was now interested in a Series II or III, and the Reference 54 and 36 tenors.  We had at the time a Series II and III in gold lacquer, a Series II with black lacquer and a series III with silver plate, and one Reference 36 in gold lacquer.  He spent quite a bit of time trying these horns, because he was determined to go home with a new tenor.  He handed back the last Selmer he tried, but wasn't convinced.  He next tried the Keilwerth SX90R with black lacquer that we had.  Still not convinced.  Next came the Yamaha Custom Z in gold lacquer, and the Yamaha 875EX with black lacquer.  Still not convinced.  Of course, not wanting to see a sale go out the door, I pointed to the PM66RUL and suggested he try it.  Like many before him, he was unfamiliar with P.Mauriat, and when he saw that the price was below the other brands, he was skeptical but would give it a try anyway.  He disappeared for close to an hour.  When he returned, he had a big smile on his face, as well as expressing complete surprise.  He said he couldn't believe it, but this sax had everything he was looking for in feel and sound, and he liked the look of bare brass.  Sold!  He has also called me back on several occasions to tell me how happy he is with the horn. 

PMSystem76 Soprano Matte Finish

I have always liked the soprano sax, and my store always had an ample supply of them for me to try.  The thing about a soprano is that intonation is always a little tricky, the mouthpiece smaller than a clarinet making the emboucher tighter, and is just the nature of the beast, and though tone is always a matter of personal taste, too many players have a shrill or otherwise thin tone to my ears.  Even a couple of the greats of this instrument like Sidney Bechet or John Coltrane never sounded all that pleasant to my ears on the soprano.  Never mind the guy that is popular on the soprano today.  The soprano players that I enjoy listening to are all classical players in saxophone quartets.  When I play the soprano, I usually employ a more classical tone when playing blues or jazz.  It does work.  I tried Selmer Series II sopranos, Yamaha, and Yanigasawa curved and straight sopranos.  I really don't like curved sopranos because my fingers are just a little to fat for the tight action, so I prefer straight sopranos because the keys are more open for my hands.  Up to this point, I thought that Yanigasawa made the best sopranos.  I never liked Selmer sopranos the same as I liked the tenors and altos, Yamaha was good except for one Custom Z which I couldn't get to play in tune no matter what I did.  I had a couple of Cannonball curved sopranos, but they did nothing for me.  Enter the PMSystem76 Soprano with matte finish.  This was easily the best soprano I had yet played.  Full, rich tone, balanced scale, good feel under the fingers.  Another horn that can cross many boundaries, whether jazz, classical, pop, whatever.  I eventually sold it to a classical player who again, never heard of the brand, was looking for a new soprano to play with her sax quartet, and found it in this horn.  A common thread here is that many players never heard of the brand before trying it, and most walked away with one.  That alone can build the reputation of an instrument.
PM86RUL Soprano

I thought the PMSystem76 soprano was the best I tried until I came across the PM86RUL.  I was impressed by its striking looks.  It is unlacquered and has a beautiful brownish gold color.  However, like any sax, the proof is in the playing, not in the looks.  I've seen many a beautiful looking sax that didn't sound as good as it looked.  This is the soprano I would want to take home and to take to a gig.  The sound is rich and full, and another horn that can cross many genres of music.  It has great stage presence because of its looks and sound, but above all its sound.  I want this baby.
PM60NS Alto
PM60NS Tenor

The PM60NS alto and tenor have a brushed nickel silver finish with gold lacquer keys, making them striking looking saxes.  My friend Keyan Williams favors this model on tenor, as you can see in the photo above.  Being a mostly alto player, I tried that version of the horn.  One thing I will say about P. Mauriat that may be a negative but really isn't is that they have given me too many choices and so many great saxophones that it's often difficult to decide which one would I settle down with, or do I just take them all because they all have something special?  This horn has a brighter sound than the 67R but that's not to say that it is thin toned.  One thing I have found on all P. Mauriat horns is that no matter how bright the horn, it never gets shrill or edgy, always maintains a certain warmth and fullness of tone, and this horn is no exception.  However, this sax would definitely be more well-suited to jazz, blues, r&b. rock and pop.  Just the same, I found I could play some very lyrical tunes with this sax, as well as get a little funky if I wanted. 
PMLaBrava Alto
PMLaBrava Tenor

The P. Mauriat LaBrava is their intermediate horn but will still work well for many professionals.  The finish on the body is brushed gold lacquer, with gold lacquer keys and a nickel silver neck.  It's a no-frills horn, with no engraving, but still an attractive horn.  The tone is brighter, but again, like all P. Mauriat horns, never shrill, thin or edgy.  In case anyone needs to know what I mean by these adjectives, its a sound that doesn't make my ears ring in pain.  This horn is perfect for a student in school band looking for a step up instrument, or a pro on a budget, and really, what musician isn't really on a budget these days?  Like the PM60NS, I feel this is better suited to jazz, r&b, blues, rock and pop playing.  At its price point, you couldn't go wrong. 

I saved my favorite for last.  This is another 67R but with cognac lacquer, or a deep gold lacquer that is just a beauty to the eyes, but in terms of sound, reminds of the best Conn or Selmer I've played, and allows me to get those Benny Carter/Paul Desmond like tones I love so much.  This would be the horn of my choice.  Rich, lush tone, a wide pallette, great ergonomics and is gorgeous to look at.  It's got all the qualities that I want in a saxophone.  At first glance it looks like a Selmer Reference 54, until you see the beautiful blue/green abalone key pearls.  Like the Reference 54, it has the style and sound, but unlike the Reference 54, it doesn't have the price. 
PM67R Alto Cognac Lacquer

I love these saxophones, I make no bones about it.  I think these are among the best saxophones being made today, and many top professionals have attested to that.  I hope they can keep it up and keep producing more great horns.  Time will tell. 

Here are other models in the P. Mauriat line worthy of consideration.  Though I haven't played any of these models as extensively as the ones above, I still had a favorable first impression of them.
P. Mauriat Swing55 Alto.  Also available in a tenor version.  Copper body and neck, brass bell and keys with matte lacquer.  This is a horn that you're either going to like the looks of or not.  In terms of sound, it is reminiscent to me, of an old Buescher Aristocrat or Martin Committee II.  
PMSS601DK Soprano with matte lacquer, tipped bell, meaning that the bell is curved slightly outwards rather than being straight, and interchangeable necks, one straight, one curved.  While I personally prefer one piece straight sopranos, I liked the way this horn sounded and felt, especially with the curved neck, like playing a curved soprano that was more open in the keys for my hands.  Then of course, there is that full tone.
P. Mauriat Black Pearl Tenor, also available in an alto version.  Black nickel body with gold lacquered keys.  It is truly a beautiful looking instrument with a tone that is somewhere between a dark and bright tone.  Very centered and powerful, another great horn for jazz, blues, r&b, rock and pop. 

For more information on these excellent instruments you can visit their official website:

Here is a short video on how P. Mauriat saxophones are made:

Thursday, May 24, 2012

Vintage American Saxophones: Conn New Wonder, Transitional and M Series "Naked Lady"Saxophones

As those who follow my blog know, I really love vintage American saxophones, particularly those manufactured from the mid-twenties until the late 50's.  They were built by skilled craftsmen and women who plied their trade with pride.  Although the saxophone was invented in 1840 by Adolphe Sax, a Belgian living and working in  Paris, in its infancy it was sparsely used by symphony orchestras if at all.  Composers like, Ravel, Goudonov, Bizet and Prokofiev wrote saxophone parts into some of their compositions.  Early New Orleans jazz also did not include the saxophone, the clarinet being the most commonly used wind instrument.  Much of this was probably due to the fact that as a newly invented instrument, there still weren't many musicians playing it, and that teachers were few and far between.

Sidney Bechet, a New Orleans player, was probably the first jazz saxophonist, having switched from the clarinet, the wind instrument that was common to New Orleans players of the time, to soprano sax, which he became famous for.  As the New Orleans players started moving north and spreading the music, most notably Louis Armstrong, the saxophone began appearing in jazz ensembles to the point of being an indispensable part of any modern orchestra.  When Sidney Bechet went north and was in Boston, he had a young student by the name of Johnny Hodges.  From the 1920's on, every jazz ensemble had a saxophone section, and the saxophone reigns supreme as the dominant wind instrument in jazz and popular music, and is now used more extensively in classical ensembles, particularly saxophone quartets and choirs.  The very vocal quality of the sax, and its tonal flexibility lends itself to so many genres of music. 

The first saxophone built in the US was built by Gus Buescher in 1888 when he was foreman at the Conn factory in Elkhart, Indiana.  He would later leave Conn and start the Buescher Musical Instrument Company.  The best place to start discussing American saxophones would be with Conn.  Here is the history of the Conn company, courtesy of the Conn-Selmer website.

C.G. Conn History

Young C.G. ConnC.G. Conn, the oldest continuous manufacturer of band instruments in America, literally gave birth to the U.S. band instrument manufacturing industry. Today, C.G. Conn encompasses some of the greatest names in musical instruments - C.G. Conn, King and Benge brass instruments, Artley and Armstrong woodwinds and Scherl & Roth strings. Always committed to serving the needs of students, music educators, amateurs, and professionals, C.G. Conn's storied history reflects a dedication for innovation and quest for the ultimate in design and craftsmanship - an industry leader in musical performance.
One Saturday night in 1873, Civil War veteran Charles Gerard Conn got involved in a brawl that resulted in a split lip. Not good news for a man who played cornet with the Elkhart, Indiana "Brick Brown Band." In order to get around this problem, Colonel Conn set out to perfect a special rubber-cushioned mouthpiece so he could continue playing. The new mouthpiece, which he later patented, caught the eye of other musicians. He made a few for his friends, but soon there was such a demand for his mouthpieces that he rigged up a lathe from an old sewing machine and began turning them out as fast as possible.
C.G. Conn, Middle AgedIn 1875, a French musical instrument maker named Dupont stopped by the shop and asked if he might use Conn's bench to repair some horns. After watching him work for several days, Conn decided that he, too, could make a horn. In that same year, in a closet-size shop only 20 feet square, Col. Conn produced the first American-built cornet.
By 1879 the shop moved into larger quarters, and Conn began adding instruments to his line. In 1888, Colonel Conn brought 15 European instrument craftsmen to the United States and gave them the space, the tools and the incentive to make the finest instruments their skills would allow. Their expertise, teamed with the Colonel's ingenuity and ambition, soon produced instruments so exceptional that they were accorded highest honors in the 1893 World's Columbia Exposition in Chicago.
Twice the Conn plant burned to the ground. Twice it was rebuilt, bigger and better than before. Famous bandmasters and musicians visited the plant and personally endorsed "Conn Wonder Instruments." John Phillip Sousa, Patrick Gilmore, Herbert Clarke, Arthur Pryor, A. Liberati and others were frequent visitors.
The Conn Wonder CornetVaudeville was at its peak, and the theaters and music halls of Elkhart saw a steady procession of the finest bands and musicians of the day. All played the Colonel's instruments. Conn instruments - ornate and often jeweled - became world famous as Sousa and others toured Europe playing before kings, queens and czars.
The Colonel also loved strange and bizarre instruments. In 1907 he built an Immensaphone, the largest horn in the world. It measured 12 feet in diameter and 35 feet long. The Conn factory also built the world's largest drum, a slide tuba to make noises like a ship's warning whistle, tenor tubas for the jackass role in Strauss' Don Juan, and a saxophone for one-armed musician Al Miller.
Conn Factory in 1875Since the first American cornet in 1875, C.G. Conn continued producing "firsts" throughout its distinguished history: the first American saxophone, first double-bell euphonium, first sousaphone (built to the great Sousa's specifications), and a long list of many others.
In 1915, Colonel Conn sold the C.G. Conn Company to C.D. Greenleaf. Greenleaf, almost clairvoyantly, realized a need for the advancement of instrumental music in the schools. His foresight and energy continued to add to Conn's innovations. He was responsible for founding the first national school for band directors, first and only center for the study of musical acoustics, first successful short action valves, first all-electronic organ and first fiberglass sousaphones, among other legendary advancements.
Conn Factory in 1950During World War II the Conn factory was completely converted to manufacture precision instruments for defense. Conn received four Army-Navy "E" Awards - the first given in the band instrument industry. During the Korean War part of the facilities was converted to defense production, and Conn achieved another record in precision manufacturing.
Many of today's most preferred instruments owe their original success to Conn's innovation. C.G. Conn French horns, for example, have been the horn of choice for the Hollywood film industry for most of the 20th Century. C.G. Conn Symphony Series trombones have a legendary place in the classical trombone world. Today's best trumpet players are discovering the break-through performance with Vintage One trumpets. These innovative designs, enhanced by superior craftsmanship and technological breakthroughs, have provided today's musicians with the superior instrument performance.
Building on the proven designs of the past, C.G. Conn continues to meet the demands of today's best musicians. As well, amateur and student musicians can enjoy the very best in instrument technology and performance with brass instruments and saxophones from C.G. Conn.

Conn Saxophones

Although the first saxophone built by Conn was in 1888, I feel the best of them were built from the 1920's until the 1950's.  This is just my opinion, but it is shared by a few other musicians who love Conn saxophones, and are the ones most collected and played by vintage sax enthusiasts today.

The New Wonder Series II a.k.a. Chu Berry

Starting around 1923 or so, these models were an improvement over the previous New Wonder Series I and Worcester models, and came to define the jazz and big band saxophone sound of the time.  The Chu Berry designation was never an official one, and in fact, Chu Berry actually played a later transitional model.  Features included rolled tone holes, which Conn began using on their saxophones starting around 1915 or so, the "nail file" G# key, split bell keys, meaning that the B and Bb keys are on opposite sides of one another on the bell rather than on the same side as later models and on modern saxophones today.  Many of the saxes were elaborately engraved and had luxurious finishes, silver plate with gold washed bells being the most common, as well as gold plating, and sometimes a combination of the two.  Another variation of the New Wonder was the Virtuoso Deluxe, which had elaborate engraving all over the horn, and every key touch was inlaid with pearl.  They came only in gold and silver plate. 

These horns have a big and rich sound, but some modern players complain that the intonation is sketchy.  However, keep in mind that if you use the larger chambered mouthpieces used at the time or its modern counterpart, rather than a modern mouthpiece used on modern saxophones, intonation should not be a problem.  Vintage Conn saxophones are a bit temperamental when it comes to mouthpieces.  My friends Chuck Hancock and Elery Eskelin both play Conn New Wonder saxophones, alto and tenor respectively, and just love them.  Chuck won't play anything else.  Elery has several vintage horns, and aside form the New Wonder, also has a Buescher Aristocrat and a Conn 10M, all of which he plays at his gigs.  They both agree that you can't beat the sound of these old horns.

One thing to keep in mind, up until the 1940, Conn saxophones were manufactured in both high and low pitch.  You can tell by looking where the serial and model number is, and seeing either the H or L underneath.  Low pitch is the standard in the orchestra, being A=440hz., while high pitch is around 442hz.  Choose the horns with the L underneath the serial number. 

New Wonder Series II Saxophones

Conn New Wonder Tenor Gold Plate

New Wonder Nail File G# Key and Pinky Cluster

New Wonder Virtuoso Deluxe Tenor Gold Plated

Virtuoso Deluxe Pearl Inlaid Keys

 My father with a New Wonder alto

New Wonder Engravings 

There was a standard engraving on most models, but many models featured different engraving designs unique to the individual saxophone. 

Transitional Models

Starting in 1930, Conn began slowly redesigning the mechanism and other aspects of their saxophones culminating with the M series saxophones in 1935, arguably one of the greatest saxophone lines ever produced, though I wouldn't argue that.  To me, the M series saxophones are among the best saxophones I've ever played, a combination of pure craftsmanship, sound and ease of facility.  They are legendary saxophones, right up there with the Selmer Mark VI as far as I'm concerned.  The early transitional models, while keeping some of the older designs of the New Wonder series like rolled tone-holes, nail file G# key cluster and the micro-tuner and split bell-keys, added improvements in the mechanism like the underslung octave key to prevent it from being damaged whenever the neck was put on or removed, the low C#, B and Bb keys could now open the G# pad, the high E key gained a curve to make it easier to manipulate, the neck tenon gained an extra skirt in order to eliminate the buzzy A and to create a better seal, and a swivel thumbrest, and most keys repositioned for greater playing comfort.  As the saxes continued to evolve, the bell-keys were moved to one side of the horn, the G# to Bb cluster was completely redesigned, until it became the famous "Naked Lady" saxophone that many vintage sax lovers covet.  
Transitional tenor with art deco engraving with split bell-keys and nail file G# key cluster

Close-up of art deco engraving

Transitional alto 1932.  It now has the characteristics of the M series, same side bell-keys and underslung octave key, but still retaining the nail file G# pinky key cluster

Transitional alto 1933 with all of the characteristics of the M series

The M Series a.k.a. "Naked Lady" 
The famous "Naked Lady" engraving

By 1935 the transition from New Wonder to the M series was complete.  The M series featured a much improved keywork which was lightning fast.  While some who play Mark VI's and more modern horns may not think much of the ergonomics, I personally feel that the layout is very conducive to rapid execution of musical phrases, and in fact, though the position of the G# key cluster is different than on modern horns, I feel it is far more efficient than modern pinky keys based on the Selmer design especially when playing chromatic scales.  On a modern horn you always have to shift your pinky down in order to execute a low Bb, but on the M series, you can simply slide your pinky straight across to reach it, as the Bb wraps around the B key.
The G# to Bb pinky keys are a wide table so the pinky really has room to move around, and with Bb extending around to the side of B, makes playing chromatics much easier.

The M series maintained the rolled tone-holes until 1947, after which the M series had flat tone-holes.  The microtuner was also discontinued some time in the early 1950's.
Charlie Parker with a Conn 6M alto
Conn 6M Alto silver plate
10M tenor lacquer
12M Baritone favored by Gerry Mulligan and Harry Carney

Also in 1935, the 26M alto and the 30M tenor were also introduced, which was basically a 6M and 10M with more elaborate engraving and featured a more ergonomically positioned G# to Bb pinky cluster, and the "Permajust" system, which allowed regulation of the keys without using felt or cork which could pack down or fall off and would need periodic replacement and instead used an adjusting screw that would keep it in regulation for far longer.  On the alto, you could opt either for a model with the underslung octave key, or the New York neck, with an overslung octave key.  The 30M tenor came with the New York neck only.  Both saxophones came with two finishes.  The lacquer finish also featured sterling silver key touches, and it came in silver plate with gold washed bell.
26M alto with silver plate and gold bell
30M tenor with gold lacquer and sterling silver key touch pieces

Generally, only the alto had the microtuner, but my father had a rare tenor with a microtuner, which he owned in the late 1940's. 
My father with a 10M tenor with microtuner.  My father exclusively played Conn saxophones when he was a professional musician.
 My father's band late 40's, with him on the right with a Conn 10M tenor
Dad serenading unidentified woman with his 6M alto late 1940's.  Actually, my mother identified her as that "whore".

Conn would eventually lose its preeminence as a builder of some of the world's best saxophones, but still has left behind a legacy of having built instruments that defined the sound of American jazz.  To conclude, here are some of the great players, aside from Charlie Parker pictured above, who played Conn saxophones in their heyday.

Benny Carter with a 26M alto with New York neck
Dexter Gordon with a 10M tenor
 Gerry Mulligan with his 12M Baritone
 Lester "Pres" Young with a New Wonder tenor
Johnny Hodges with a 6M alto
Leon "Chu" Berry with a New Wonder Transitional tenor